Acne is an inflammatory skin condition caused by blockage of the pores underneath the skin resulting in the trapping of oils and bacteria.
Incidence: Very Common
○ More than 3 million US cases per year
○ Usually self-diagnosable
○ Present in 80% of 16 year olds
○ Lab tests or imaging not required
○ Can be active for years-it may last into the 20s, 30s or even the 40s.
When acne begins, it starts with a blockage of the pores underneath the skin resulting in the trapping of oils and bacteria. The trapped oils and bacteria cause small bumps which we recognize as blackheads. If there is enough inflammation, the result is the formation of pimples, and it can lead to scarring. The main cause of acne is thought to be genetic. Diet plays a role, though the extent varies in each individual. In general, a lack of cleanliness or the use of makeup is not the cause of acne.